I was asked to give an answer to this question in 1000 characters or less, while applying for the IPSI Bologna 2012 Peace Symposium. Here was my answer:
All human choices stem from one of two places: fear or love. Being a peace and security leader means, consistently guiding people, villages, nations to make choices out of love rather than fear. True peace and security comes from acting out of love for humanity and the Earth. People bend towards violence and war when they feel they have no other choice. The skilful peace and security leader shows that there are other choices and tools that will produce a more desirable result. Observing the 2007 Kenyan election crises and the mediation that followed, it was clear to me that, for the opposing parties, tribalism was a convenient political tool used to mucky the waters and carve out political hegemony. The leaders sought political gains by playing upon fears. The effective peace and security leader seeks the route that promotes unity through compassion and empathy for fellow citizens. A successful leader serves as a beacon of light, love and compassion. She knows that at the heart of conflicts are broken relationships between individuals. In her arsenal are the tools of forgiveness and service. She also knows that there is immense healing power in simply believing that change is possible.